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Subject: RE MI`S
Resent-Date: Thu, 17 Aug 2000 03:37:15 -0700
Date: Thu, 17 Aug 2000 12:39:57 +0200
From: Trond Tallerås <firstname.lastname@example.org>
During the last months there have been a lot of offers on MI look ups. I have tried to collect them on a list, and if I hit the right button it will appear here:
Abadour Irene Esson email@example.com
Aberdour Carol Cookie7369@aol.com
Aberlour Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Abernethy Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Aboyne David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Advie Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Alford Irene Esson email@example.com
Alvah Cleopas firstname.lastname@example.org
Alvie Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Ardesier Pat CNELSFAM@aol.com
Auchindoir Susan J. Sorensen email@example.com
Banchory Ternan David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Belhelvie Maureen Scutt email@example.com
Belhelvie Irene Esson firstname.lastname@example.org
Bellie George Jamieson email@example.com
Bellie Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Birse David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Boleskine Pat CNELSFAM@aol.com
Boyndie Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Boyndie Cleopas email@example.com
Braemar Maureen Scutts firstname.lastname@example.org
Chapel Yard Inv.ness Marv & Joan Stevens email@example.com
Crathie Maureen Scutt firstname.lastname@example.org
Crimond with Rattray Carol Cookie7369@aol.com
Cromdale Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Croy&Dalcross Pat CNELSFAM@aol.com
Cullen Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Culsalmond Cleopas email@example.com
Daviot&Dunlichity Pat CNELSFAM@aol.com
Deskford Cleopas firstname.lastname@example.org Some but not all MIs
Deskford Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Dipple Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Dores Pat CNELSFAM@aol.com
Downan Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Drumblade Cleopas email@example.com
Drumoak David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Dunbennan Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Dundurcas Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Dunnottar Joan email@example.com
Durris David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Duthil Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Echt Trond Tallerås email@example.com
Echt David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Essil Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Fetterangus Carol Cookie7369@aol.com
Fettercain David Jameson email@example.com Some MIs
Fetteresso David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Fordyce Cleopas email@example.com Some but not all MIs
Fordyce Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Forglen Cleopas firstname.lastname@example.org Some but not all MIs
Forgue Cleopas email@example.com
Fyvie Carol Cookie7369@aol.com
Fyvie Trond Tallerås firstname.lastname@example.org
Gamrie Old Kirkyard Stuart Mitchell email@example.com
Glenbervie Cathy Purcell firstname.lastname@example.org
Glenbucket David Jameson email@example.com Some MIs
Glenmuick David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Inch Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Inverallan Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Inveraven Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Inverkeithny Irene Esson email@example.com
Inverness&Bona Pat CNELSFAM@aol.com
Inverness East Marv & Joan Stevens firstname.lastname@example.org
Inverness West Marv & Joan Stevens email@example.com
Kincardine Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Kincardine O`Neil Heather Hurley firstname.lastname@example.org
Kingussie Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Knockando Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Laggan Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Lagganallachie Marv & Joan Stevens email@example.com
Lochaber & Skye Marv & Joan Stevens firstname.lastname@example.org
Lochiel Cushnie David Jameson email@example.com Some MIs
Logie Coldstone David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org Some MIs
Lonmay Carol Cookie7369@aol.com
Lumphanan David Jameson email@example.com Some MIs
Marnoch Cleopas firstname.lastname@example.org
McAllan Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Midmar David Jameson email@example.com Some MIs
Monymusk Trond Tallerås firstname.lastname@example.org
Monymusk David Jameson email@example.com Some MIs
Moy&Dalarossie Pat CNELSFAM@aol.com
New Deer Carol Cookie7369@aol.com
New Deer Maureen Scutt firstname.lastname@example.org
New Deer Irene Esson email@example.com
Newhills Heather Hurley firstname.lastname@example.org
Newhills Maureen Scutt email@example.com
Old Alloway Kirk Heather Hurley firstname.lastname@example.org
Oldmeldrum Heather Hurley email@example.com
Oldmeldrum Maureen Scutt firstname.lastname@example.org
Oyne Ann Ledingham Moxley Annmox@aol.com
Ordiquhill Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Petty Pat CNELSFAM@aol.com
Rathen Carol Cookie7369@aol.com
Rathen Joan email@example.com
Rayne Ann Ledingham Moxley Annmox@aol.com
Rhynie Trond Tallerås firstname.lastname@example.org
Rothes Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Rothiemurchus Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Speymouth area George Jamieson email@example.com
Speyside Maureen Scutts firstname.lastname@example.org
Speyside Marv & Joan Stevens email@example.com
St.Peter`s (Peterculter) Lisa Elliot Skyebrght@hydrosoft.net
Strachan David Jameson firstname.lastname@example.org
Tynet Ray Raylea67@aol.com
Tyrie Carol Cookie7369@aol.com
Tyrie Irene Esson email@example.com
Udny Maureen Scutt firstname.lastname@example.org
Upper Deeside Maureen Scutts email@example.com
Yes, it happened - lucky me. Hope it will be of some help to someone.
All the best to all of you from Geilo, Norway.
736 AD to 1215 AD
The history of Scotland as a unified kingdom begins with the reign of Kenneth MacAlpin (circa 834 to 858). Kenneth may have
succeeded to the throne of the Picts through his mother, as the Picts followed the custom of matrilinear succession to kingship. At
any rate, he made good his claim by conquering the Picts, becoming the first King of Scots. From Kenneth MacAlpin are
descended all the Kings of Scotland, save for the interlude of Macbeth and Lulach, as we shall see.
Sometime in the century after the reign of Kenneth, the branch of the Tribe of Loarn headed by Ruadri moved into the province
of Moray. Moray is the land south of the Moray Firth, around the present-day town of Elgin. The leader of the Moraymen was
called a mormaer, which is a Celtic title equivalent to the Anglo-Scandinavian earl, which we use today.
The descent of the MacKays through the mormaers of Moray begins as follows: Ruadri was the son of Aircellach, king of
Dalriada; this Ruadri had a son Cathmail, who had a son Donald, who had a son Morgan, who had a son Donald, who had a son
This latter Ruadri had three sons: Findlaech, Maelbrigte, and Donald. It is Donald who is believed to be the male ancestor of what
was to become the Clan MacKay. The only evidence concerning Donald which we have is an addition to the mediæval Book of
Deer. In it, we find written the following: "Donald, Ruadri's son, and Malcolm, Culen's son, gave Biffie to God and to
Drostan." 6 What this means is that Donald gave title to land over to the Abbey of Deer, along with the younger son of Culen, the King of
Scots from 967 to 971. This incident is referred to in Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, where the author notes "Malcolm,
co-benefactor with Donald MacRuadri of Moray of the Abbey of Deer ca [around] 1000." 7
Concerning the brothers of Donald there can be found more information. Findlaech was the father of Macbeth, who became King
of Scots. Maelbrigte was the father of Malcolm and Gillacomgain. Up until 1020, it seems that Findlaech was mormaer of Moray.
In that year, the following event is noted in the Tigernach Annals: "Findlaech, Ruadri's son, mormaer of Moray, was slain by the
sons of his brother Maelbrigte."8 Malcolm, eldest of the sons of Maelbrigte, succeeded to the title of the uncle whom he had
murdered, but he subsequently was killed in 1029. Gillacomgain then became mormaer of Moray. Gillacomgain made a very
advantageous alliance when he married Gruoch, grand-daughter of Kenneth III, the King of Scots from 997 to 1005. This
advanced the claim of the House of Moray to the throne of Scotland. Gillacomgain and Gruoch had a son, Lulach. The mormaer
himself did not long enjoy this heightened influence, for in 1032, the following befell him: "Gillacomgain, Maelbrigte's son, the
mormaer of Moray, was burned, along with fifty of his men."9
The mormaership then passed to Macbeth, cousin of Gillacomgain and son of Findlaech. Macbeth quickly strengthened his rule by
marrying the widow of Gillacomgain, Gruoch, in that same year, 1032. But Macbeth aspired to greater things than the leadership
of the Moraymen. He became a commander in the army of Duncan I, King of Scots from 1034 to 1040. What happened next
differs in the accounts put forward by the supporters of Macbeth, or by the supporters of Duncan. The ultimately victorious
Duncan camp has largely succeeded in putting over the view that Macbeth murdered Duncan in an infamous act of betrayal, at
Bothnagowan (which is now called Pitgaveny) near Elgin, on the 14th of August,
1040.10 After Duncan's death, though, Macbeth ruled Scotland for seventeen years, a fact which shows that he had widespread support, and was an able king. His position was so
secure, that the Annals show he made a pilgrimage to Rome, where he distributed alms to the poor. Macbeth may have gained
legitimacy through his wife Gruoch, the granddaughter of Kenneth III, but he also had pretensions in his own right. He was the
mormaer of Moray, a House which claimed the throne of Scotland by the Celtic law of tanistry. His mother may have been
Donada, the second daughter of Malcolm II, King of Scots from 1005 to 1034.
11 If this was the case, then Macbeth's claim was on a par with Duncan I's, who was the son of Bethoc, eldest daughter of Malcolm II. In any event, the interlude of the House of
Moray on the throne of Scotland was not to last long. The son of Duncan I, Malcolm Canmore, took revenge for the murder of his
father, and slew Macbeth in battle at Lumphanan, Aberdeenshire, on the 15th of August,
1057.12 Macbeth was buried on Iona, alongside the Kings of Scots and Dalriada.
The Moraymen did not give up their claim to the throne, or cease from pressing it. They put forward Lulach, the son of Macbeth's
wife Gruoch by her first husband Gillacomgain, setting him upon the Stone of Destiny at Scone, and proclaiming him king in 1057.
The tide was against them, though, and the reign of Lulach was a brief one. We find Lulach referred to as "The Simple" --- again,
by the victors in this struggle, so he may only have been ill-fated. Once again, Malcolm Canmore revenged himself upon the
House of Moray, and killed Lulach in battle at Essie in Strathbogie on the 17th of March, 1058. 13 Lulach had reigned for a mere
seven months. Malcolm Canmore became Malcolm III, King of Scots, and the House of Moray was never again to lead the
The fight continued, though, in various guises, for almost two hundred years. Lulach had two children: a son, Maelsnectan, and a
daughter. Maelsnectan became mormaer of Moray on the death of his father in 1058, and must have continued the rebellion
against Malcolm III, for we find that in 1078 he was expelled from his mormaership by the king. Maelsnectan subsequently
became a monk, and died in 1085. The daughter of Lulach married Aedh, and it is with this Aedh that the male descent of the
As in the case of Donald, Ruadri's son, there is scant evidence concerning Aedh. The Reverend Angus MacKay, in his invaluable
work, The Book of MacKay, has this to say about Aedh:
The next Earl* of Moray was Aed, who married the daughter of Lulach. Little is known of Aed. He is identified as
the Earl Aed who witnessed charters by King David I, son of Malcolm III. Whatever he may have been during the
chequered years which immediately followed the death of Canmore [in 1093] the fact that he witnessed royal
charters later on may indicate that he lived at peace with King David. He also appears to have become Earl of
Moray in virtue of his marriage with Lulach's daughter, and may have sprung from a collateral noble family of
* about this time the old Gaelic title Mormaer was replaced by the Saxon title Earl
Rev. MacKay's speculation in this last sentence is borne out by Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, which has the following
entry for the issue of Lulach: "A dau[ghter], m[arried] Aedh (or Heth), Mormaer of Moray in 1078, possibly great-grandson of
Donald, yst [youngest] son of Ruadri, Mormaer of Moray." 15 In the lack of contrary evidence, Table 3 shows Aedh as the
great-grandson of Donald. Aedh became mormaer, or Earl, in 1078, when Maelsnectan was expelled; in that same year he
married the daughter of Lulach, who was Maelsnectan's sister. If he signed charters of David I, then Aedh must have remained
Earl until after 1124.
Aedh had three children: two sons, Angus and Malcolm, and a daughter, Gruaidh. Angus was Earl of Moray after his father. He
revived the Moray claim to the throne, and raised an army against King David I in the year 1130. At the time, the king was absent
at the English court, and the safety of the kingdom was in the hands of his constable, Edward, the son of Earl Siward. Battle was
joined at Stracathro in Forfarshire, and the Moraymen were defeated by the royal army. Angus, the Earl, was slain, along with
4000 of his men. The title passed to his brother, Malcolm, who carried on with the struggle.
Malcolm was known as MacEth; "Eth" or "Heth" is the equivalent of the Gaelic "Aedh": Malcolm's father. After the defeat in
1130, Malcolm MacEth fled to the Western Isles of Scotland, where his cause was taken up by Somerled, the powerful Regulus
of Argyll (later to become Lord of the Isles). Malcolm married Somerled's sister, and the two men raised an army to press the
Moray claim to the throne. To resist this force, King David called for help from the English barons of the border district. The
threat of this army advancing northwards proved sufficient to thwart the Moraymen, and Malcolm MacEth was betrayed into the
hands of King David by his own adherents in 1134. For the next twenty-three years, Malcolm was imprisoned in Roxburgh Castle.
The daughter of Aedh, Gruaidh, married William, the only son of Duncan II, King of Scots in 1094. The Earldom of Moray was
forfeited by Malcolm MacEth when he was imprisoned in 1134, and King David I bestowed it upon his half-nephew William. If he
hoped by this measure to end the rebellion of the Moraymen, he was quickly proved wrong, for the children of William showed
that their loyalty lay with their mother's House, and they took part in the coming rebellions alongside the son and grandson of
The male descent of the MacKays follows Malcolm MacEth and his descendants. Malcolm MacEth had a son named Donald,
who found himself head of the Moraymen when his father was imprisoned in 1134. Donald MacEth retained the support of his
uncle, Somerled, and together they fought the royal forces until 1156. In that year, King Malcolm IV, who reigned from 1153 to
1165, decided to recognise the conquests which Somerled had made, amongst which was the Isle of Man. Somerled, in turn,
showed how little the claims of his nephew meant to him by handing him over to King Malcolm. Donald MacEth was captured at
Whithorn, and was sent to join his father in Roxburgh Castle. No more is recorded of Donald MacEth, and presumably he died in
prison. His father, though, was released the following year, in 1157, and given the Earldom of Ross, a lesser title than that of
Moray. Malcolm MacEth did not stay long in the favour of King Malcolm IV, for the records show he was recaptured in 1160 and
blinded.16 The unfortunate Earl Malcolm died in prison on the 23rd of October,
1168,17 having spent thirty years of his life as a prisoner.
Beginning in 1160, Malcolm IV and his brother and successor William the Lion expelled the Moraymen from the province of
Moray. Most of them fled over the mountains of Ross, north into Strathnaver. From this group came the Clan MacKay. These
exiles were befriended in Strathnaver by Harold, the Norse Earl of Caithness. The wife of Harold was Gormlath, who was the
daughter of Malcolm MacEth. She was a staunch enemy of the Scottish king who had imprisoned her father and brother, and she
helped to carry on the rebellion in the far north of Scotland.
The last member of the Royal House of Moray to press his family's claim to the throne of Scotland was Kenneth
MacEth. Kenneth was a grandson of Malcolm MacEth,18 and so he was a son or nephew of Donald MacEth. By this time, though, the line
of MacEth was not powerful enough to even lead the dispossessed Moraymen. That honour went to Donald Ban
Macwilliam, a grandson of Gruaidh, Aedh's daughter. The King of Scots, Alexander II, who reigned from 1214 to 1249, sent an army under
Ferquhard Macintagart to fight the Moraymen. To this Ferquhard had gone the title of Earl of Ross, when it was taken from
Malcolm MacEth upon his recapture in 1160. The royal army defeated the last rebellion of the Moraymen in 1215. Both the
commander, Donald Ban Macwilliam, and Kenneth MacEth were killed in battle.
At one time, the mormaers of Moray were effectively independent princes in their province. Two centuries of rebellion, though,
against the royal house of Kenneth MacAlpin's descendants, had destroyed their power. The Earldom of Moray was lost in 1134,
and even the minor fief of Ross was taken away in 1160. By 1215, the House of Moray was both exiled and defeated. Once the
hopeless dream of kingship was given up, though, the descendants of Aedh began to thrive in their new home of Strathnaver.
To summarise the descent of the MacKays from the time of Ruadri: as we have seen, Ruadri was the mormaer of Moray; he had
a son Donald, the co-benefactor of the Abbey of Deer around 1000; Donald had a greatgrandson Aedh, who married the
daughter of Lulach, King of Scots, and became mormaer of Moray in 1078; Aedh had a son Malcolm MacEth, who became Earl
of Moray on the death of his brother Angus in 1130, was imprisoned and deprived of Moray in 1134, released and given the
Earldom of Ross in 1157, recaptured and deprived of Ross in 1160, and died in 1168; Malcolm MacEth had a son Donald
MacEth, who led the Moraymen after his father's capture in 1134, and himself was imprisoned in 1156. Donald had a son, or perhaps
nephew, Kenneth MacEth, who was killed in battle in 1215. Table 3 gives the genealogy of the House of Moray. Appendix A is
the pedigree of the Kings of Scots from 858 to 1249.
5. From the genealogies in the Books of Leinster, Ballymote and Leccan, as quoted in William F. Skene, Celtic Scotland: A
History of Ancient Alban, v. III, (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1890). p. 476.
6. Book of Deer, pp. 91-95, as quoted in Anderson, Early Sources of Scottish History, vol. II, p. 176.
7. Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, (London: Burke's Peerage Limited, 1973). p. 312.
8, Tigernach Annals, year 1020, as quoted in Anderson, Early Sources.
9 Annals of Ulster, vol. I, p. 564 sub anno 1032, as quoted in Anderson, Early Sources of Scottish History, vol. I, p. 571.
10 Sir Archibald H. Dunbar, Scottish Kings: A Revised Chronology of Scottish History. (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1899).
12 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, p. 313.
14 Rev. Angus MacKay, The Book of MacKay. (Edinburgh: Norman MacLeod, 1906). pp. 21-22.
15 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, p. 313.
16 MacKay, The Book of MacKay.
17 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, p. 313.
18 MacKay, The Book of MacKay.
The Royal House of Moray
mormaer of Moray
| | |
Findlaech Maelbrigte Donald
mormaer of Moray | circa 1000
murdered 1020 --------------- |
| | | |
| Malcolm | |
| mormaer of Moray 1020 | |
| killed 1029 | |
| | ?
| 2nd 1st | |
Macbeth = Gruoch = Gillacomgain |
mormaer of Moray 1032 | mormaer of Moray 1029 |
King of Scots 1040 | killed 1032 |
killed 1057 | |
King of Scots 1057 |
killed 1058 |
| | 1078 |
Maelsnectan daughter = Aedh
mormaer of Moray 1058-78 Earl of Moray 1078
died 1085 |
| | |
Angus Malcolm MacEth William = Gruaidh
Earl of Moray Earl of Moray 1130-34 Earl of Moray
killed 1130 Earl of Ross 1157-60 |
died 1168 |
| | | | |
Donald MacEth Harold = Gormlath Donald Gosptrick William
| Earl of Caithness Macwilliam Lord of Airton Lord of Egremont
| | killed 1187 died 1208
| | |
| | |-----------------------------
| | | | |
Kenneth MacEth John Haroldson Godfrey Donald Ban daughter
killed 1215 died 1231 Macwilliam Macwilliam |
executed 1213 killed 1215 |
Extracted from: http://www.magma.ca/~mmackay/moray.html#moray
JOHN WATTS and MARTIN SOILLEUX-CARDWELL
"STRIKING I DEFEND"
(Motto of 25 Squadron RAF)
This is a story of two young men who spent three months of their lives together. They were born on
different continents. One was the son of a soldier, brought up in a family of 10 children; the other was
from a comfortable background. One survived and lived a long life. The other died young and never went
home. Their paths crossed in the final year of the First World War. By the time they met they were both
experienced and effective officers.
Archibald Roy Watts joined the Queens Own Cameron Highlanders as a boy of 15 in 1906. His father
was a career soldier who served for nearly 30 years. He followed his two elder brothers into the
Regiment. His younger brother followed him in turn.
At the outbreak of war in 1914 his battalion was serving in India. They quickly returned and by
December they were in France, moving up to Ypres later in the month. He was wounded in January 1915
and returned to the UK. By April he was back in Ypres. He fought at the Battle of Loos in September
1915, where he was wounded again. His battalion was reduced to four officers and 200 men. He fought
at the Somme. He took part in the attack on High Wood, in which one company of his battalion was
reduced to 12 men. In December 1916 he was commissioned. He fought at Arras, where he was awarded
the Military Cross. His battalion lost 412 casualties. He fought at Passchendaele, where his battalion lost
296 men. By the end of 1917 he had seen a lot of his friends and colleagues killed or wounded. It was
time to find a different kind of war.
Bryant Luttelus (Bob) Lindley was the son of James Bryant Lindley CMG and Mrs Mary Lindley of
Barkly House, Claremont, Cape Province, South Africa. His father was the general manager of the
Equitable Life Assurance Company in South Africa who listed his pastimes in "Who's Who" as "hunting,
shooting, fishing" and who had trained and practised as a lawyer in the United States before returning
home to South Africa. His mother was American, the daughter of Henry Sheldon Leavitt of New York.
Bob Lindley's background was one of privilege and comfort, with close family ties with the Turf Club
and the Western Province and Cape Town Cricket Clubs. He was educated at St Andrews College. He
enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps on the 11th April 1917. His family were intensely proud of him. He
wrote to them regularly, telling them of his life in Europe.
The two men were to meet at the beginning of April 1918, on the formation of the Royal Air Force. They
were members of "A" Flight, 25 Squadron RAF. The squadron had been formed in September 1915 and
originally equipped with FE 2b fighters. On the 16th June 1916 one of its members shot down the
German ace Max Immelmann. In the summer of 1917 it was re-equipped with DH 4's and assumed its
role of high altitude bombing and reconnaissance missions in Northern France and Belgium.
During the German Spring offensive of 1918 the squadron had engaged in low-level attacks against
infantry and artillery, but the DH 4 was not really suited for this. It is probably a mark of the desperate
measures of these times that they assumed this role. In any event 25 Squadron moved its base on no less
than three occasions during March 1918, from Serny to Villers-Bretttoneux, to Beauvois and then finally
to Ruisseauville, where it was to remain until October 1918.
The commanding officer of the 25 Squadron was Major Chester Duffus. He was a Canadian, born in
Halifax, Nova Scotia. He had a distinguished record, having served with 22 Squadron, flying FE 2b's. He
had shot down five enemy aircraft. In 1916 he had been awarded the Military Cross. He was 26 years
By April 1918 Lieutenant Lindley was an experienced pilot with many hours flying DH 4's.The aircraft
had been first introduced on the Western Front in March 1917. It was specifically designed for daytime
bombing and then extended its role to include long range reconnaissance. It was fitted with a 375hp Rolls
Royce Eagle engine, which gave it a maximum airspeed of 143 mph. Its loaded weight was 3472 lb. It
could carry two 230lb or four 112lb bombs. The Observer operated a ring mounted Lewis gun and the
pilot a forward firing synchronised Vickers machine gun mounted on the frame. The one major
operational draw back was the siting of the 500-gallon fuel tank between the observer and the pilot, which
not only made communication difficult but also provided a tempting point of fire for enemy aircraft.
"The experienced pilot and the professional soldier flew together on the morning of 25th April 1918, a
reconnaissance raid. 17 exposures were taken. The weather was poor and the flight was long, some 4 hours
and 10 minutes. They were obliged to land at Flexenghem to refuel, and returned to base in very low mist.
Lieutenant Watts would later recall his frantic attempts to attract his pilot's attention whilst looking for a suitable
place to put down the aircraft.
Lieutenant Watts, Observer and unknown pilot, 25 Squadron, 1918
The next flights together were on 3rd and 4th May. The latter was a photographic reconnaissance, during
which they encountered heavy anti-aircraft fire and were attacked by 7 enemy aircraft, one of which was
forced down. This was the beginning of their formation as a team. They were to fly together on a further
35 occasions by the 22nd June. On the 8th May they took part in a bombing raid on Le Cateau. Further
bombing raids were carried out on Peronne on 10th May (when no photographs were taken because of
camera jam), Tournai 0n the 15th May, Sulnoye on 20th and 31st May, Mouchin Aerodrome on the 23rd
May and a dump at Varsennaere on the 25th May.
The remaining days of the month were far from idle. During a photographic
recon- naissance sortie on 4th May, they encountered anti-aircraft fire and were attacked by 7 enemy aircraft. Again on 16th May 4
enemy aircraft attacked them. Laconically Lieutenant Watts' log reports " returned; gun broken".
Over the next 31 days Lieutenant Watts made 29 flights. 27 were with Lieutenant Lindley and of those
21 were operational sorties. A total of 66 hours 10 minutes flying time is recorded in Lieutenant Watts'
log, of which only 8 hours and 35 minutes were non-combat flying.
June 1918 started well for Lindley and Watts. Lindley was awarded the Military Cross. The citation reads
"for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in recent operations. He carried out several very
successful long-distance reconnaissances and bomb raids under adverse weather conditions and during
low bombing and machine gun actions he did most brilliant work. Throughout he showed great
He and Lieutenant Watts were able to demonstrate this gallantry and skill again during a particular raid,
which took place on 2nd June. The target was a Chateau at Trelon, due north of Hirson, close to the
Belgian border. Of equal interest to the attackers was a train, which was in a private railway siding next to
the chateau. This was believed to be the German Imperial Train. The attack could have been a concerted
attempt to assassinate the Kaiser.
At 4.50 a.m. 12 aircraft, including "A" flight's machine "D" piloted by Lieutenant Lindley with Lieutenant
Watts as his Observer, took off from the squadron aerodrome at Ruisseauville. The squadron
commander, Major Duffus, led the formation. Flying in single file they arrived over the objective at
5.25a.m. Descending from a clear sky they attacked and bombed at a height of 500 feet. Their arrival
seems to have been a complete surprise to those on the ground. The smoke and fire caused by the
bombing from the lead aircraft created great difficulty to those following, as they had no clear sight of the
chateau. Direct hits were also scored on a number of motor cars standing of the courtyard. A total of 800
rounds of ammunition were fired into the train. With the exception of one machine all returned safely.
The aircraft flown by Lieutenant J.R. Zieman and his Observer 2nd Lieutenant J. Tannenbaum was seen
to land under control near Cambrai, where they set fire to the aircraft to prevent it from falling into
If the raid was an attempt to kill the Kaiser, it failed. Nevertheless the squadron still regarded the results
Bombing Raid Lindley and Watts carri d out further bombing and reconnaissance sorties in the days
following. Between the 12th and the 15th June five attempts were made to photograph
one particular area but because of bad weather the task was not successfully completed
until the final day. On the 16th June a photographic reconnaissance was carried out over
Renaix in appalling weather, consisting of low cloud, rain and hail. Even so, 52 exposures
were possible. Being over the objective for a long period and flying low, they became the
targets for enemy aircraft. 2 Pfalz Scouts attacked them. Fittingly, one was driven down
and Lieutenants Lindley and Watts were able to return to Ruisseauville after a flight
lasting 4 hours and 15 minutes.
On the 21st June Lieutenants Lindley and Watts had a one-hour engine and telephone test flight.
Although they could not possibly have known it, this was the last time they were to fly together.
Lieutenant Watts went on leave. When he returned his friend was dead.
The last bombing raid by the Squadron was carried out on the railway station at Courtrai. Thereafter it
was to devote itself entirely to long-range reconnaissance. On the morning of the 29th June Lieutenant
Lindley and his Observer Lieutenant Boi took off for such an objective. They were to take photographs
over Bruges. They did not return. As they were probably flying alone and so far behind enemy lines no
one had any news of them. They were posted as missing in action. Lieutenant Lindley's family in South
Africa waited anxiously. In mid August they received news that Lieutenant Boi was alive and a prisoner
of war. They were hopeful once more. It was not until the 7th September that they discovered the truth.
Whilst flying near the town of Bray, close to Bruges, the aircraft came under heavy anti-aircraft and
ground fire. Lieutenant Lindley had flown in the same area the day before. His aircraft had been hit by
shellfire and the undercarriage damaged, causing him to crash land on his return. On this occasion he was
not so fortunate. The aircraft's elevation was shot away and it crashed. Both pilot and observer were
badly wounded. Lieutenant Lindley had received 2 bullet wounds to the head. They were taken to the
German Naval Hospital at Bruges. Lieutenant Lindley died soon after arrival. He was 19 years old.
Lieutenant Watts received the news of Lindley's loss when he returned to the
Squadron. His log entries become low key. He did not settle again. His commanding officer took him up for a test flight. Was this
to test his nerve? If it was he need not have worried. Between the 9th July and 10th August he flew with
a variety of different pilots, undertaking 10 operational sorties. One can speculate that he derived a degree
of grim satisfaction when, on the 16th July he recorded his shooting down of an enemy aircraft. He had
settled his friend's debt.
Lieutenant Watts returned to home establishment on 11th August 1918. His total time in France with the
Squadron had been 4 months and 1 week. He had flown 50 combat sorties, comprising of 156 hours and
40 minutes operational time plus nearly another 20 hours flying. The furthest he had ventured over
enemy lines was 87 miles, near Charleroi. The highest altitude he had achieved was 21,500 feet. He had
shot down 1 enemy aircraft and forced down 2 others. He had survived.
After spending time with the Squadron in Germany as part of the Army of Occupation he was posted
back to 2nd Battalion Queens Own Cameron Highlanders on the 26th March 1920. He relinquished his
temporary commission in the RAF on 13th April 1920 and retired from service on 15th June 1920, about
a month before his 29th birthday.
Lieutenant Lindley was buried in the cemetery at Steenbrugge on the outskirts of Bruges. After the war
he was reburied at Larch Wood (Railway Cutting) Cemetery near Ypres. It is a beautiful and peaceful
place but, like so many young men, he is a long way from home.
Lieutenant Watts died on the 27th July 1976 in Birmingham. He was in his 86th year. Ironically, as he
was cremated, he has no marked grave.
25 Squadron RAF still plays a full part in the defence of this country. It is now equipped with Tornado
fighter-bombers, a far cry form the open cockpits and leather flying helmets of 1918.
The authors would like to acknowledge the help and information provided by Major Antony Gordon,
South African Defence Force (Retired); Commander "Mac" Bissett, South African Naval Base,
Simonstown; the Royal Air Force Museum; Mr William Jervois, Albany Museum, Grahamstown, South
Africa; Mr Ian Webb; Mr Roy Watts; Mr Tom Tulloch-Marshall; Mr David Duffus; many members of
the World War One Discussion List (whether they realised it or not!) but in particular Mr Forrest
Anderson and Mr Tom Morgan.
The Flying Log of Lieutenant Archibald Roy Watts.
The Army Service Record of Lieutenant A. R. Watts.
The RAF Service Record of Lieutenant A. R. Watts.
"The Sky Their Battlefield" by Trevor Henshaw, Grub Street.
"Aircraft of the Royal Air Force since 1918" by Owen Thetford, Putnam.
" Bombers 1914-1919" Kenneth Munson, Blandford Press.
" The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force and Commonwealth 1918-1988" by James J Halley
"Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, an Illustrated History" by Brigadier Angus Fairrie, Queen's Own
Highlanders Amalgamation Trustees, 1998.
Extracted from: http://www.hellfire-corner.demon.co.uk/striking.htm
(webmaster's great great aunt who died in
Innes Duffus of Dundee found
this Dundee newspaper article
Click on image for more!!
I never got all of Jack's
pictures on the internet - so here they are!!
Subject: why its been quiet
Date: Sat, 19 Aug 2000 19:06:31 +0100
Firstly, sorry for rushing away on the Saturday but Liam was getting tired so we called it a
day. I would have come to say farewell but your hands were full. I would like to thank you for all you did for all
Duffuses . I have never seen so many at once. As for why I have not been in touch
I because my TV email service has not been working since the second week in
July. The service only lets me send and receive emails in text form so I have no way to see any of the pictures.
Maybe you could send them to my friends computer. The address I sent you a while back.
---Open Email - Email on your tv with talk21---
Subject: Scotland 2000
Date: Fri, 25 Aug 2000 12:31:59 +0100
From: "Jack Le Brecht" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: "davidduffus" <email@example.com>
Thank you very much for sending the T-shirts which arrived during
the week, do we owe you anything for postage?
They are great. We have had an exciting summer, Scotland then Henry's
graduation in Environmental Science. Next month he starts his Masters which
will be in Environmental Impact Assessment and Auditing at the University of
East Anglia.Attached are 3 photographs. One of the castle, the other is a picture
of Lower Drakesmyer farm in Boharm where our great great grandfather William
farmed. I have also tried to send a copy of the 1851 census which shows all
the family members, you will note that William was a widower, Ann his wife
having died ? in childbirth. My great grandfather George was 6 years at the
time. Also on the census is Jim, Peter and John Duffus's great grandfather
William aged 14 years. It was very moving to visit land that our forefathers
The sun has shone here in Cambridgeshire for three days now but tomorrow
heavy rain is forcast ! This is to be expected as this is a Bank holiday
Kindest regards to Dianne and Megan and yourself.
Click here for 1851 census information for
Subject: family tree
Date: Sun, 13 Aug 2000 15:44:26 EDT
I came across your web page and it made me curious. I noticed your great,great
grandfather was born in Dundee. My maiden name was Duffus, and I was born in
Dundee, as were my parents and grand- parents.We don't know much about our
family history,so I would be interested in information regarding our surname.
Subject: Gidday David - curious about ring design
Date: Thu, 17 Aug 2000 13:14:05 +1100
I am Chris Duffus from Wollongong, Australia (actually from Wagga Wagga).
Excellent web site you have created. I actually searched the Debt Of Honour roll
and discover that Christopher Duffus was killed in action in France in 1915!
It is a fantastic job that you have done, a lot of work.
I actually have a question. I am getting married in October this year. I have
been looking around for a wedding ring for myself - something a bit different
from the standard gold band. I have had a yarn to a few jewellers who can pretty
well create whatever I request (there is actually a mob that specialise in
Celtic designs). In the Duffus web site, when you click on the first page icon to enter the site.
The next page is titled 'Duffus', with a 'celtic type design underlining it. My
question is, "Is this a Duffus specific design?"
I would appreciate your help.
Either reply by email or my address is:
10 Caldwell Ave
Tarrawanna NSW 2518 Australia
Date: Fri, 18 Aug 2000 15:43:43 +0100
From: "Innes Duffus" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: "David Duffus" <email@example.com>
I have been looking through a small booklet giving the history of the village of
Glamis. In it is a list of, and I quote "Janry 18 1705. List of the fencible men in the parochin of Airly belonging to the Earl of Strathmore is as follows:"
Under the heading 'Brydestowne' is the name Daid Differs, (not a typing error, that is the spelling given).
So far I have no idea what the connection with us might be, but it is very interesting, because as you know there is very little by way of a
Duffus connection as early as that. If I find out more I shall let you know.
I have also discovered a lady whose maiden name was Duffus and is now Leslie. She and her husband ran a hotel in the village of Weem, just
outside Aberfeldy. I have been going there for around 30 years and have only just found out that she was a Duffus. Her son now owns the business and is on the
net. I shall get his address and try to discover more. Again I will keep you informed of progress
Subject: family tree
Date: Sun, 20 Aug 2000 18:53:30 -0700
From: "anyaspop" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
I have some additions to the family
tree. Under Christine Regnir daughter of Timothy Regnir and Diane Mucci, her birthdate is
8/17/78. Also she Married Jamie McLaughlin on March 10, 2000. They have 2 daughters Anastasia Ryanne born 12/23/97 and Leah
Rachel born 4/28/2000. These are all descendants of John Henderson Duffus.
Date: Sun, 20 Aug 2000 14:54:07 -0400
From: "renee3331" <email@example.com>
Hi. Just got a pc was looking at you web site very nice talk to you soon
Subject: Re: James Duffus of Forgue Aberdeenshire, Scotland (James2) & Mor(r)ison Duffus
Date: Tue, 22 Aug 2000 00:34:38 -0400
From: "Louise Ross" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: "davidduffus" <email@example.com>
Congratulations, it looks like the 2000 Reunion was a huge success. We are
following it from Canada and would have loved to have been there. We have
pictures from the exact sites when we visited Scotland.
FYI this may be the death record of our Morrison Duffus b 1816. In 1902
she would have been 86 but 1816 may have been misread as 1810 and her age was
recorded as 92. More proof that she was female not male.
1902 DUFFUS MORRISON
Mortlach 162 12
Since writing the e-mail below there is a correction to the date of death of
Morrison Duffus' daughter Mary Dallas as stated below. The aunt's letter had
said she died when her son James was 9, however she is still alive in the 1881
Census when her son James is 18. At 9 he was sent to live with his grandmother.
Further, the Scots Origins site had a death index entry for Mary Ross/Dallas aged 44, in Keith, 1883.
Thank you from our family for the visit ... J.R and Louise Ross
Subject: Irene Ament
Date: Mon, 28 Aug 2000 19:57:54 -0400
From: "renee3331" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: "davidduffus" <email@example.com>
As you will find out I'm computer illiterate, hope all is well with all the family. I saw the picturesof the reunion
in scotland I wish I knew who the people are. There are a number of my family to be added to our family tree. My
daughter Patricia Mathney married Jack Vealey 9/27/97and her daughter Jennifer married RichardGlasser 10/3/98 they
have a daughter MakenzieMarie born 4/25/00. Kelly Bowlin and Jamie have 3 more sons Wyatt b/7/28/96, Nathan
b/12/18/98, Eli b/5/18/00. Amanda Regnier married Michael Chad Canington 7/3/99 have a son Michael Jeremiah b/7/1/00
also Shawn and Jen Ament have 2 more to add to the list Joshua 11/13/90 and Brian 4/18/96. Patty and I thought we
would have been able to go to the reunion but circumstances said no. I am sending you a hand written letter. Time to
309-4900 Cartier Street
August 9, 2000
Just writing your name makes me smile thinking
of you, Diane, and Megan. All of us, I am sure are singing your praises
for the fabulous effort made on our behalf. When I contemplate on the time
that it must have taken to have achieved the end result it boggles my
mind. Saying thank you is a gross understatement of my appreciation!
My Granddaughter gave me the picture you took
at the museum. What a great invention the Internet was.
Finally arrived in Vancouver on July 31 and
slept in my 13th bed. Very happy to be home and now look
forward to seeing all of your, here, I hope, so I may return your
My fondest good wishes to you, Diane and
23 Charlton Street
Nambucca Heads 2448
Friday, 18 August, 2000
Just a few lines to bring you up to date on
our family tree and to say what a wonderful job you did with the re-union
and that we all had a wonderful few days. It spoilt up for our tour of
rest of U.K. We’re sorry we stayed in Aberdeen on the Thursday night and
missed some of the things you organized.
On Tuesday, 4 July we caught a coach from
Aberdeen – London and on 7 July took off for a 22 day Trafalgar tour of
England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. Had a pretty good time. While in
Edinburgh Margaret (our daughter-in-law) spent about 3 hours looking a
birth, deaths, and marriages and came up with information we didn’t have
before re-union. While in Glasgow we met up with Bobbie Duffus (Barry’s
Father’s half-brother). He is 70 in November and not much older than us.
We took them out to dinner with our tour (we only had one night in
Glasgow) and had a lovely time. He told us that James was buried in Elgin
Cathedral. He had a son Alexander who also has a son Alexander who then
had Barry’s grandfather James. Margaret has all the dates and will
e-mail you. We have tied in with one of Gordon’s Alexander’s but don’t
know yet who else is closely related. It is all so exciting but I don’t
know if we’ll manage it again. The flying knocked us around. Jet lag,
sleeping patterns, swollen ankles etc. Barry got straight back into work
with council and his Bananas. Hope you are keeping well. Our son Glenn has
gone "on-line" so will probably e-mail you. His e-mail is firstname.lastname@example.org.
They have a daughter Caitun how will be 2 in
November and they are hoping for another baby (maybe a Duffus to carry on
name). Will keep in touch. Regards to you and your family.
Saw web-site and looked at all photos and
letters. Good job!
Lost my camera on coach to London from
Subject: Mary Duffus and William Robertson
Date: Tue, 29 Aug 2000 14:05:59 -0400
From: "Kim Cooke" <email@example.com>
I am looking for information on a Mary Duffus born in Cabrach Aberdeen. Not
sure of the year possibly the 1830s. Her husband was William Robertson and
they had a dau Alspeth born 1869. Alspeth was probably born in Cabrach or
close by. Mary and her husband are said to have been buried at Garioch. I
have also been told that Mary's father was the Mayor of Aberdeen and that
Mary was Bell of Lowerens (not sure of the spelling) Fair in 1846.
Do you have any information about this family or know of anyone who may be
able to help me out. Any information about this family would be greatly